China’s New Leader
Chinese officials announced a new president this week. Xi Jinping is set to become one of the most powerful leaders in the world.
Mr. Xi will be ruling over the most populated country on the planet — over 1 billion of the world’s 7 billion people! China also has the world’s second largest economy … and is growing fast.
Xi Jinping (pronounced Shee Chin-ping) was declared the new leader of the Communist Party of China. Leaders in China are appointed, not elected. And leadership changes only happen once every ten years. He’ll be taking over from the current president, Hu Jintao, in March.
Our friends at Newsademic.com do a great job explaining the selection process of China’s new leader and you can read more below:
The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC National Congress) took place between November 8 and 15. The meeting was held in the Great Hall of the People, in Beijing, the capital of China. Over 2,270 officials, or delegates, who represent different regions of the country, attended.
China is a one party state. Apart from the Communist Party no other political parties are allowed. The country’s leaders are therefore not democratically elected, as they are in many other countries. Instead senior members of the Communist Party choose the country’s leaders.
CPC National Congress meetings are important. These meetings have been held every five years since the death of Mao Zedong in 1977. Mao Zedong (known as Chairman Mao) ruled China for over 30 years. After he died the Communist Party organized a way by which future leaders of the country would be selected.
Hu Jintao is the country’s current president. He became president ten years ago at the 2002 16th CPC National Congress. The second most important person in the country is Wen Jiabao. His title is “premier”. Similar to Mr. Hu, Mr. Wen became premier at the same CPC National Congress ten years ago.
As both men have held their position for ten years they now have to retire, or stand down. Therefore, one of the main events of this year’s National Congress was the official appointment of those who will be China’s new president and premier. These people will be China’s main leaders for the next ten years.
This edition of Newsademic.com also has stories about a controversy in Italy over whether huge tourist cruise ships passing through Venice’s waterways are destroying this historic Italian city. There are new developments in Syria. There’s a worldwide search for Bigfoot … and much more.